Aert Schouman is a well-known artist from Dordrecht, Holland. He produced many paintings and drawings. His work includes portraits, landscapes, exotic birds, river views, engravings, chimney pieces, even wall paper. He lived in Dordrecht from 1710 until 1753, after which he moved to The Hague. A lot has been written about his work, but nothing about the ships on his paintings. In his time, ships were a part of everyday life in Holland. They were used to transport people and goods all over the country.
In this article, several drawings of Aert Schouman are shown and contemporary pictures have been found showing the same hull and similar rigging. Often the pictures give already the name of the type of vessel, but sometimes the name is found in other documentation. It appears that Aert Schouman had a good technical knowledge of the vessels he painted. This may have been because he is from a family of barge skippers. He may have joined them on board, thus learning many details from childhood onwards. In the descriptions below, the name of the type of vessel is given in large type.